Chinese Crested Dogs are probably the most elegant and popular hypoallergenic dog breeds in the world today. Although the Chinese Cresteds are one of the most sought after dogs in the country, they are relatively rare and can be quite difficult to buy or adopt…not to mention they are expensive as compared to other smaller breeds such as the Chihuahua.
Standing tall at a whopping 10 inches and weighing in at less than ten pounds, this breed is made up of the Chinese Crested Powderpuff and the Chinese Crested Hairless. The powderpuff is completely covered with a lovely doubly soft, long straight fur coat. Although the hairless is considered to be a dog that don’t have hair, it isn’t completely free of fur. It’s head, feet and tail are covered with soft silk-like hair.
Many people mistakenly believe that Chinese Crested dogs evolved from China. Although not positively certain it is thought to be highly unlikely that their roots are from China. Rather most renowned experts believe the the breed originated from the African Hairless dog breed that was used on board Chinese trade ships. Furthermore this breed has been heroically used during the times of the Chinese plagues to hunt and kill rats and mice that were often found on the sailing vessels of China.
Even though the Chinese Crested Powder Puff and it’s hairless relative are thought to be two different breeds they are actually of the same breed. Both hairless Chinese Cresteds and powderpuffs can come from the same litter in many different colors and color combinations.
Is The Chinese Crested Dog Right for your Family?
Although this breed will do well with apartment living and don’t really need a yard it is still a very active door while indoors. To avoid a wide array of behavioral problems, this hypoallergenic dog needs a moderate amount of exercise not only to remain calm but to also avoid weight gain from overfeeding. As with most breeds of dogs it is extremely important to establish yourself as it’s Alpha leader as this breed will distinguish itself as being extremely loyal and affectionate to each member of the household. They are also alert and playful companions and do well in families with gentle children.
Heath Concerns For Chinese Creasteds
As with any hairless dog, this breed is also susceptible to skin irritations, allergies and sunburn than a coated dog would experience, and its owner should always take precautions to prevent this. It is also sensitive to cold weather so you should also be prepared to have a dog sweater handy if you live in colder climates. Although no dog is truly ‘hypoallergenic,’ Chinese Cresteds shed little to no hair and are highly recommended for those with allergies.
Surprisingly, the Chinese Crested Powderpuff has no real heath issues other than some are known to be allergic to wool and lanolin.
If you are considering purchasing one of the finest Chinese Crested dogs then you should contact Chinese crested breeders. They will be able to steer you in the right direction.
Chinese Crested Breed Standard
A toy dog, fine-boned, elegant and graceful. The distinct varieties are born in the same litter. The Hairless with hair only on the head, tail and feet and the Powderpuff, completely covered with hair. The breed serves as a loving companion, playful and entertaining.
Size, Proportion, Substance
Size – Ideally 11 to 13 inches. However, dogs that are slightly larger or smaller may be given full consideration. Proportion – rectangular-proportioned to allow for freedom of movement. Body length from withers to base of tail is slightly longer than the height at the withers. Substance – Fine-boned and slender but not so refined as to appear breakable or alternatively, not a robust, heavy structure.
Expression – Alert and intense. Eyes – Almond-shaped, set wide apart. Dark-colored dogs have dark-colored eyes, and lighter-colored dogs may have lighter-colored eyes. Eye rims match the coloring of the dog. Ears – Uncropped large and erect, placed so that the base of the ear is level with the outside corner of the eye. Skull – The skull is arched gently over the occiput from ear to ear. Distance from occiput to stop equal to distance from stop to tip of nose. The head is wedge-shaped viewed from above and the side. Stop – Slight but distinct. Muzzle – Cheeks taper cleanly into the muzzle. Nose – Dark in dark-colored dogs; may be lighter in lighter-colored dogs. Pigment is solid. Lips – Lips are clean and tight. Bite – Scissors or level in both varieties. Missing teeth in the Powderpuff are to be faulted. The Hairless variety is not to be penalized for absence of full dentition.
Neck, Topline, Body
Neck – Neck is lean and clean, slightly arched from the withers to the base of the skull and carried high. Topline – Level to slightly sloping croup. Body – Brisket extends to the elbow. Breastbone is not prominent. Ribs are well developed. The depth of the chest tapers to a moderate tuck-up at the flanks. Light in loin. Tail – Tail is slender and tapers to a curve. It is long enough to reach the hock. When dog is in motion, the tail is carried gaily and may be carried slightly forward over the back. At rest the tail is down with a slight curve upward at the end resembling a sickle. In the Hairless variety, two-thirds of the end of the tail is covered by long, flowing feathering referred to as a plume. The Powderpuff variety’s tail is completely covered with hair.
Angulation – Layback of shoulders is 45 degrees to point of shoulder allowing for good reach. Shoulders – Clean and narrow. Elbows – Close to body. Legs – Long, slender and straight. Pasterns – Upright, fine and strong. Dewclaws may be removed. Feet – Hare foot, narrow with elongated toes. Nails are trimmed to moderate length.
Angulation – Stifle moderately angulated. From hock joint to ground perpendicular. Dewclaws may be removed. Feet – Same as forequarters.
The Hairless variety has hair on certain portions of the body: the head (called a crest), the tail (called a plume) and the feet from the toes to the front pasterns and rear hock joints (called socks). The texture of all hair is soft and silky, flowing to any length. Placement of hair is not as important as overall type. Areas that have hair usually taper off slightly. Wherever the body is hairless, the skin is soft and smooth. Head Crest begins at the stop and tapers off between the base of the skull and the back of the neck. Hair on the ears and face is permitted on the Hairless and may be trimmed for neatness in both varieties. Tail Plume is described under Tail. The Powderpuff variety is completely covered with a double soft and silky coat. Close examination reveals long thin guard hairs over the short silky undercoat. The coat is straight, of moderate density and length. Excessively heavy, kinky or curly coat is to be penalized. Grooming is minimal-consisting of presenting a clean and neat appearance.
Any color or combination of colors.
Lively, agile and smooth without being stilted or hackneyed. Comes and goes at a trot moving in a straight line.
Gay and alert.
Chinese Crested Dogs were approved June 12, 1990 by the American Kennel Club with an effective date of April 1, 1991.
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